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Cushion

Formal name:  shoot cushion
Local identifier:  TOP142
Definition:  a shoot system (PO:shoot system) that has tightly packed leaf foliage (PO:vascular leaf) held close to soil surface and has a hemisperical to flat compact form (PO:shoot system) due to the close branching of the shoots and the short internods
Formal Unit:  unitless (category)

Comment:  Shoot is cushion is used in the context of the trait plant growth form (TOP:plant growth form)
Reference:  Pérez-Harguindeguy N., Díaz S., Garnier E., Lavorel S., Poorter H., Jaureguiberry P., Bret-Harte M. S., Cornwell W. K., Craine J. M., Gurvich D. E., Urcelay C., Veneklaas E. J., Reich P. B., Poorter L., Wright I. J., Ray P., Enrico L., Pausas J. G., de Vos A. C., Buchmann N., Funes G., Quétier F., Hodgson J. G., Thompson K., Morgan H. D., ter Steege H., van der Heijden M. G. A., Sack L., Blonder B., Poschlod P., Vaieretti M. V., Conti G., Staver A. C., Aquino S., Cornelissen J. H. C. (2013) New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany 61, 167_234 (adapted)


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