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Phanerophyte

Formal name:  whole plant phanerophyte
Local identifier:  TOP211
Definition:  plants (PO:whole plant) which have their survinging buds (PO:bud) situated on woody (TOP:woody plant) shoots (PO:shoot axis)
Formal Unit:  unitless (category)

Comment:  To phanerophytes belong macrophanerophytes (TOP:macrophanerophyte), nanophanerophytes (TOP:nanophanerophyte) and hemiphanerophytes (TOP:hemiphanerophyte)
Reference:  Raunkiaer, C. (1934): The lifeforms of plants and statistical plant geography. Oxford, 632 pages, Raunkiaer, C (1937) : Plant life forms. Oxford (Claredon Press), 104 pages


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